Similarities and Differences in Psychosocial Development Theory

There is a similarity and a difference in psychosocial development theory on learning communities in  our research in relation to high school and college. According to Lee and Breen(2007) ‘There are a large proportion of young people who do not feel a sense of belonging within their school .The common finding is that students who do not feel a sense of belonging within their school ,experience feelings of alienation and loneliness. 

       Those. students who experience a supportive environment in school such as having friends to support their academic goals,Teacher interaction and student support are possibly more geared for academic success.In my MBA Program , I had a one on one student support person.When I was trying to adjust to the rigorous curriculum of classes, assignments and deadlines.She would call me and discuss how I could use my time management to meet my professor’s academic requirements.Sometimes these are students who have completed the classes themselves.They know what that particular class is about and what the expectations of the teacher are in relation to course objectives.

Students are more likely to experience positive outcomes. If a student has a positive experience in high school that would carry over into their college experience. But if they have a negative experience in high school that would also affect their college experience. One of the things students talk about is loneliness and even bullying.This may occur in high school and in college.


Many students talk about loneliness. One ,because they move sometimes far from home and are not with their families and  two,some students need time to adjust to the college environment and may make friends slowly or maybe not at all.  In human scale settings,students are more likely to flourish in small settings where they are known  and valued than in settings where they don’t feel  anonymous. Learning environments with these characteristics do not happen by accident they are intentionally designed.

(Kuh,Kinzie,Schuh, Whitt & Associates(2005).According to ‘The National Learning Communities Project there is empirical evidence  that concludes that participation in a learning community (positive) is linked to student persistence , academic performance, credit hours earned and satisfaction Knight(2003).

Lee,T & Breen L (2007) Young People  Perceptions and Experiences of Leaving High School ,An Exploration : Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology,(17) 5 329-346doi10.1002/casp887

Knight ,W.E. (2003) Learning Communities and First Year Programs : Lessons for Planners .Planning  for Higher Education 31(4) , 5-12

Kuh, G.D. ,Kinzie,J. Schuh,J.H. Whitt, E.J. & Associates (2005) Student Success in College : Creating Conditions that Matter : San Francisco CA: Jossey Bass

Venney C.W.(2016)Similarities and Differences in Psychosocial Development Theory:Richard R. Riley School of Education:Walden University

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